Peace lily or white sail is an ornamental plant that is widely planted for adorning stems, leaves and flowers because its large and dark green leaves make a refreshing look and its flowers come with large and white bracts. It is believable that peace lily or white sail is a sacred plant that encourages a long life and good fortune to its planters.
• Family : Araceae
• Genus : Spathiphyllum
• Species :
– Spathiphyllum atrovirens
– Spathiphyllum bariense
– Spathiphyllum blandum
– Spathiphyllum brevirostre
– Spathiphyllum cannifolium
– Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum
– Spathiphyllum commutatum
– Spathiphyllum cuspidatum
– Spathiphyllum floribundum
– Spathiphyllum friedrichsthalii
– Spathiphyllum fulvovirens
– Spathiphyllum gardneri
– Spathiphyllum grandifolium
– Spathiphyllum jejunum
– Spathiphyllum juninense
– Spathiphyllum kalbreyeri
– Spathiphyllum kochii
– Spathiphyllum laeve
– Spathiphyllum lechlerianum
– Spathiphyllum maguirei
– Spathiphyllum mawarinumae
– Spathiphyllum monachinoi
– Spathiphyllum montanum
– Spathiphyllum neblinae
– Spathiphyllum patini
– Spathiphyllum perezii
– Spathiphyllum phryniifolium
– Spathiphyllum quindiuense
– Spathiphyllum silvicola
– Spathiphyllum solomonense
– Spathiphyllum wallisii
– Spathiphyllum wendlandii
• Scientific name : According to the list of species.
• Common name :
– Peace lily
– White sails
– spathe flower
• Origin : South American countries such as Columbia and Venezuela.
Botanical of Peace lily
Peace lily or white sail is an herbaceous plant that lasts for many years. Its stem is split into two parts: underground stem that is its rhizomes and stem above ground. The stem above ground will sprout as many new stems that can be seen as a small bush. The height of its stem is about 40-70 cm, and all parts of it, including the stems, leaves and flowers, if cut, will have clear latex flowing out.
Peace lily leaves or white sail leaves are simple leaf that are arranged alternately on stem with 20-30 cm. The leaf has a dark green petiole. Leaf is oval and its blades is undulate along vientets, oily and dark green. Leaf base is narrow and leaf apex is sharp and bends down. Leaf margin is curved with leaf is 15-25 cm wide and 25-50 cm long and dark green grooved midribs. Appearance and size of leaf is different based on its species; for example, Spathiphyllum cannifolium has large and thick blades with dark green and oily surface while Spathiphyllum wallisii has longer and thinner blades.
All species of peace lily or white sail have similar characteristics. Its flowers are bloomed as a bouquet and sticking out from the top of its stem with a length of about 20-30 cm. Its peduncle apex contains one white bract with a beautifully cordate shape. Its bract base is wide with a concave middle, and its bract apex is sharp with about 15-20 cm long and 8-12 cm wide. Its peduncle is in cylinder shape and consists of many florets with no branches. Each floret is pale yellow and, when blooming, is fragrant for 8-10 days, especially in the morning. Peace lily or white sail can bloom throughout the year especially in the rainy season from May to September.
Peace lily or white sail is naturally propagated by budding. Therefore, it has a very small number of fruits that can be rarely seen.
Benefits of peace lily or white sail
1. It is widely planted as an ornamental plant for adorning stems and flowers because of its dark green stem and large leaves together with white flowers that can be bloomed throughout the year.
2. In addition to ornamenting, in some countries, it is believed as a sacred plant that can bring a long and healthy life and good fortune to its planters.
3. Because of its large and dark green leaves, it is believed as a plant that can absorb toxins well. Therefore, it is widely planted in a pot and placed in a building, living room or office in order to help absorb pollutants.
4. When blooming, it is fragrant so a peace lily or white sail with bloomed flowers is widely placed in a home or living room for air smell conditioning and its scent can last about 8-10 days for each blooming, especially in the morning at 7:00 to 10:00 am.
5. Its flowers are fragrant and therefore attract fruit flies. Thus, some homes use it to attract fruit flies to get rid of them. In addition, it may be planted in an orchard to delude fruit flies away from fruits especially during the harvesting period. Three or four flowers can attract fruit flies equivalent to 0.5 cc of Methyl Eugenol.
Growing peace lily or white sail
Peace lily or white sail is a flowering plant that likes loose soil, high humidity, dim sunlight, and the temperature in the range of 18-25 degrees Celsius. It can grow both in a pot and in a large plot under a large tree. It is widely planted by budding because its flowers can provide a very small number of seeds, while the cuttings is unpopular because its the stem is short and has no branches. However, cutting the stems will be used in the case of having to cut off stems for budding and growing. This plant is popularly planted in pots for building in the garden and planted in a garden plot with a large shade of trees or bright light.
Peace lily or white sail is a plant that likes loose soil. Therefore, soil or material used for planting should be loose soil or loose soil mixed with farm yard manure or other organic materials, such as rice husks and crushed coconut shell.
Peace lily planting by splitting its sprouts
Peace lily or white sail planted for more than one year will begin to budding quickly and its sprouts that are used to be separately planted should have a height of about 15-20 cm.
In addition to the new budding, the propagation can also separate the rhizomes for growing by digging the soil until it sees the rhizomes and then use a knife to cut the rhizomes or stems out.
The cuttings of the rhizomes must be rooted with the shoots or stem every time.
Peace lily growing by cutting
This growing method is unpopular and less effective because its stem is often rotten or dead first. Therefore, this method is usually used where its stem must be cut off stems for budding and growing and the stem is severely damaged, causing the stem to be cut off. For this method, its stem base is cut and put into a plot or pot before watering until its new stem occurs or its root is sticking out.
It should be watered at least two times a day in the quantity of just moistening soil surface.
Fertilizer should be mainly focused on farm yard manure every two or three months, 1-2 handfuls each, or this farm yard manure may be mixed with 15-15-15 fertilizer by dissolving one handful in the water and using two times a year.
Location of pot
Peace lily or white sail is a plant that likes dim sunlight and the weather is not very hot. Therefore, its pot should be put in the shade or in a building where there is less sunlight. However, if it is planted or placed in a plot, it should be planted or placed under the shade of a large tree, not in a plot where it is directly exposed to the sunlight throughout the day because its leaves will be pale.